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Overview Literature for Diagnosis and Management of ALI and ARDS



  1. Bernard GR, Artigas A, Brigham KL, Carlet J, Falke K, Hudson L, Lamy M, Legall JR, Morris A, Spragg R. The American-European Consensus Conference on ARDS. Definitions, mechanisms, relevant outcomes, and clinical trial coordination. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Mar;149(3 Pt 1):818-24. [PubMed Citation]
    (The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a process of nonhydrostatic pulmonary edema and hypoxemia associated with a variety of etiologies, carries a high ...)

  2. Leaver SK, Evans TW. Acute respiratory distress syndrome BMJ. 2007 Aug 25;335(7616):389-94. [Free PubMed Central article]
    (Summary points - Acute lung injury and its extreme manifestation, the acute respiratory distress syndrome, complicate a variety of serious medical and surgical ...)

  3. Zimmerman JJ, Akhtar SR, Caldwell E, Rubenfeld GD. Incidence and outcomes of pediatric acute lung injury. Pediatrics. 2009 Jul;124(1):87-95.
    (Objective: This population-based, prospective, cohort study was designed to determine the population incidence and outcomes of pediatric acute lung injury.)

  4. Matthay MA, Zemans RL. The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Pathogenesis and Treatment Annu Rev Pathol. 2011 Feb 28;6:147-63. [Free PubMed Central article]
    (The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) causes 40% mortality in approximately 200,000 critically ill patients annually in the United States.)